Drinking Water Treatment Systems in Malaysia

  

 Water stored in reservoirs is the main source of supply for drinking water in Malaysia. However there are ground water supplies in some areas like Kelantan which is the largest in terms of producing ground water.  By 2020 the government wants 99% of the population to have access to clean treated water. Due to geographical factors, urban areas have better access to drinking water compared to rural areas where they use tube wells and underground water.

Each household consumes about 211 liters of water, which is sustainable but an issue of concern especially with changing weather patterns. In 2014, there was rationing of water in Selangor which affected thousands of households. In 2016 El Nino made Malaysia have a dry spell because waters in the dams dropped to a dangerous state. Malaysia hopes that by 2020 they will reduce non revenue water rates to 25%.

In addition, water filtration systems Malaysia are behind in development because of high maintenance cost and poses environmental threat. Indah Water Konsortium, the main sewerage company suggests the need for developing tertiary treatment plans to stop relying only on the available primary and secondary treatment. Only 56% of the population has access to water treatment plants while the rest rely on flush systems and septic tanks. There is hope that in the coming years there will be development of water waste treatment infrastructure to cater for the whole population.

It is important to note that the Malaysian government has been restructuring the water sector to ensure there is production and supply of portable clean treated water. This is possible by rehabilitation of expanding water treatment plants. Consumption of water is monitored to reduce wastage and losses by ensuring availability of water. Rain water harvesting technology, metering equipments and storage equipments are incorporated to make steady supply of water. Treatment technologies like Oxidation Ditch, Sequenced Batch Reactors, Extended Aeration, Rotating Biological Contractors and Trickling Filters are advancing to increase production of clean treated water. Read https://www.reference.com/science/filtration-work-753530f40075be21 to know more about water filters.

Malaysia's pipeline project is limited to Sungai Perak scheme which can produce up to 1million meters cubic of drinking water. However this project has been delayed for years due to disputes from the local government on the ways tariffs are going to be distributed and managed. There will be improvement in the quality of life and hygienic conditions once there is steady supply of clean treated drinking water and proper operation of the wastewater recycling system .